VerbAbout VerbsAction VerbsCausative VerbsContractionsDo and MakeFinite and Nonfinite VerbsGerundInfinitive FormInversionLinking VerbsModal VerbsMay and MightMoodsPhrasal VerbsSay and TellShallStative VerbsThird Person SingularUsed toRegular VerbsIrregular VerbsVerb FormsCompound Verbs
ConditionalConditionalZero ConditionalFirst ConditionalSecond ConditionalThird ConditionalMixed ConditionalInversion in Conditional Sentences
Passive VoicePassive VoicePresent Simple PassivePresent Continuous PassivePast Simple PassivePast Continuous PassivePerfect Tenses PassiveFuture Simple PassiveGoing to PassiveSay / Believe / SupposeGet + Participle
Adverbs of FrequencyAdverbs of FrequencyAdverbs of Frequency - Position in Sentence
QuestionsQuestion TagsRhetorical QuestionsEcho Questions
Reported SpeechReported SpeechModals in Reported SpeechReported Commands and RequestsReported QuestionsPresent Perfect in Reported SpeechFuture Perfect in Reported Speech
Irregular VerbsIrregular Verbs - GroupsIrregular Verbs - Forms
ParticiplesPresent ParticiplePast ParticiplePerfect Participle
Other TopicsWill vs. Going toIf / Even if / Whether / Unless If + Were or If + WasAs If / As Though + Past SubjunctiveHabits Expressed by Will and WouldHad BetterSubject
Read MoreAuxiliary VerbsAuxiliary Verbs: To BeAuxiliary Verbs: To HaveAuxiliary Verbs: To DoWhen To Use the Verb To Be
Grammar

Mixed Conditional

Mixed conditionals are those unreal conditional sentences whose time in the if-clause is different than the time in the main-clause.
Let's first have a look at unreal conditional sentences:

  • If she were shorter, she would be more attractive.
  • I am busy next week. If I had time, I would come to your party.
  • If they hadn't trained hard, they wouldn't have won.

As you can see, they refer to the same time: the present, the future or the past. If we mix the sentences, we get mixed conditionals.

Past and Present

  • If my father hadn't lost his keys, we wouldn't have to wait until he finds them.
    (But my father lost his keys and therefore we have to wait until he finds them.)
  • If I had installed an anti-virus, my computer wouldn't be so slow now.
    (But I didn't install an anti-virus and therefore my computer is so slow now.)
  • If our house had been broken into, we would be psych out.
    (But our house wasn't broken into and we aren't psych out.)

Past and Future

  • If our house had been broken into, we would call the police.
    (But our house wasn't broken into and we are not going to call police.)
  • If we had won the lottery last week, we would buy a new sofa today.
    (But we didn't win the lottery and we are not going to buy a new sofa today.)

Present and Past

  • If I were smarter, I would have graduated from Stanford.
    (But I am not smarter and therefore I didn't graduate from Stanford.)
  • If Mary weren't a snob, she wouldn't have had so many parties this year.
    (But Mary is a snob and therefore she had so many parties this year.)

Present and Future

  • If you were more eloquent, you would become a politician.
    (But I am not more eloquent and I won't become a politician.)
  • If you had more time, I would go to the cinema with you.
    (But you don't have more time and I won't go to the cinema with you.)

Check your understanding!

VerbAbout VerbsAction VerbsCausative VerbsContractionsDo and MakeFinite and Nonfinite VerbsGerundInfinitive FormInversionLinking VerbsModal VerbsMay and MightMoodsPhrasal VerbsSay and TellShallStative VerbsThird Person SingularUsed toRegular VerbsIrregular VerbsVerb FormsCompound Verbs
ConditionalConditionalZero ConditionalFirst ConditionalSecond ConditionalThird ConditionalMixed ConditionalInversion in Conditional Sentences
Passive VoicePassive VoicePresent Simple PassivePresent Continuous PassivePast Simple PassivePast Continuous PassivePerfect Tenses PassiveFuture Simple PassiveGoing to PassiveSay / Believe / SupposeGet + Participle
Adverbs of FrequencyAdverbs of FrequencyAdverbs of Frequency - Position in Sentence
QuestionsQuestion TagsRhetorical QuestionsEcho Questions
Reported SpeechReported SpeechModals in Reported SpeechReported Commands and RequestsReported QuestionsPresent Perfect in Reported SpeechFuture Perfect in Reported Speech
Irregular VerbsIrregular Verbs - GroupsIrregular Verbs - Forms
ParticiplesPresent ParticiplePast ParticiplePerfect Participle
Other TopicsWill vs. Going toIf / Even if / Whether / Unless If + Were or If + WasAs If / As Though + Past SubjunctiveHabits Expressed by Will and WouldHad BetterSubject
Read MoreAuxiliary VerbsAuxiliary Verbs: To BeAuxiliary Verbs: To HaveAuxiliary Verbs: To DoWhen To Use the Verb To Be