VerbAbout VerbsAction VerbsCausative VerbsContractionsDo and MakeFinite and Nonfinite VerbsGerundInfinitive FormInversionLinking VerbsModal VerbsMay and MightMoodsPhrasal VerbsSay and TellShallStative VerbsThird Person SingularUsed toRegular VerbsIrregular VerbsVerb FormsCompound Verbs
ConditionalConditionalZero ConditionalFirst ConditionalSecond ConditionalThird ConditionalMixed ConditionalInversion in Conditional Sentences
Passive VoicePassive VoicePresent Simple PassivePresent Continuous PassivePast Simple PassivePast Continuous PassivePerfect Tenses PassiveFuture Simple PassiveGoing to PassiveSay / Believe / SupposeGet + Participle
Adverbs of FrequencyAdverbs of FrequencyAdverbs of Frequency - Position in Sentence
QuestionsQuestion TagsRhetorical QuestionsEcho Questions
Reported SpeechReported SpeechModals in Reported SpeechReported Commands and RequestsReported QuestionsPresent Perfect in Reported SpeechFuture Perfect in Reported Speech
Irregular VerbsIrregular Verbs - GroupsIrregular Verbs - Forms
ParticiplesPresent ParticiplePast ParticiplePerfect Participle
Other TopicsWill vs. Going toIf / Even if / Whether / Unless If + Were or If + WasAs If / As Though + Past SubjunctiveHabits Expressed by Will and WouldHad BetterSubject
Read MoreAuxiliary VerbsAuxiliary Verbs: To BeAuxiliary Verbs: To HaveAuxiliary Verbs: To DoWhen To Use the Verb To Be
Grammar

Moods

A mood shows the attitude (point of view) of the speaker or writer toward what he is saying or writing.

There are following moods of verbs: indicative, imperative, interrogative, conditional and subjunctive.

Indicative

We use it to express facts and statements:

  • Bats are mammals, not birds.
  • She fell in love with Jake at the first look.
  • We will visit New Zealand next month.

Imperative 

It occurs in commands and instructions:

  • Be careful!
  • Keep smiling!
  • Go straight on and than turn to the left.

Negative commands are formed with don't + base verb form:

  • Don't talk during the classes!
  • Don't forget your passport.
 Sometimes it is more polite when you use the modal verbs would, could, will or can to form commands:
  • Could you close the window?
  • Would you please wash the dishes?

Interrogative 

We need this mood to form questions:

  • When is he leaving?
  • Where have you been?
  • Did you read this article?

Conditional

It’s used to make requests and to talk about uncertain situations:

  • I would like some bisquits, please.
  • If we’d came earlier, we would have had enough time for relax.
  • We would live in Monte Carlo if we had loads of money.

Subjunctive 

It's not so important in English in opposite to other languages like French or Italian.
Using the subjunctive we express a wish, emotion, doubt, desire or possibility.

a) It occurs in formal writing with that and with verbs such as suggestdemandinsistaskrecommend, etc.:

  • It was suggested that we wait till the next day.
  • The parliamentarian demanded that the minister explain who made the decision.

b) The other use is of the subjunctive is after if, as if/as though, in sentences that express wishes and hopes that cannot be fulfilled:

  • If I were younger, I would have been a pianist.
  • This guy behaves as if/as though he was a rock star.
  • We wish we were in Rio!

Read more about as if /as though

c) Subjunctive is used in some well known fixed phrases:

  • God save the Queen!
  • Long live the King!
  • God bless you!
VerbAbout VerbsAction VerbsCausative VerbsContractionsDo and MakeFinite and Nonfinite VerbsGerundInfinitive FormInversionLinking VerbsModal VerbsMay and MightMoodsPhrasal VerbsSay and TellShallStative VerbsThird Person SingularUsed toRegular VerbsIrregular VerbsVerb FormsCompound Verbs
ConditionalConditionalZero ConditionalFirst ConditionalSecond ConditionalThird ConditionalMixed ConditionalInversion in Conditional Sentences
Passive VoicePassive VoicePresent Simple PassivePresent Continuous PassivePast Simple PassivePast Continuous PassivePerfect Tenses PassiveFuture Simple PassiveGoing to PassiveSay / Believe / SupposeGet + Participle
Adverbs of FrequencyAdverbs of FrequencyAdverbs of Frequency - Position in Sentence
QuestionsQuestion TagsRhetorical QuestionsEcho Questions
Reported SpeechReported SpeechModals in Reported SpeechReported Commands and RequestsReported QuestionsPresent Perfect in Reported SpeechFuture Perfect in Reported Speech
Irregular VerbsIrregular Verbs - GroupsIrregular Verbs - Forms
ParticiplesPresent ParticiplePast ParticiplePerfect Participle
Other TopicsWill vs. Going toIf / Even if / Whether / Unless If + Were or If + WasAs If / As Though + Past SubjunctiveHabits Expressed by Will and WouldHad BetterSubject
Read MoreAuxiliary VerbsAuxiliary Verbs: To BeAuxiliary Verbs: To HaveAuxiliary Verbs: To DoWhen To Use the Verb To Be