VerbAbout VerbsAction VerbsCausative VerbsContractionsDo and MakeFinite and Nonfinite VerbsGerundInfinitive FormInversionLinking VerbsModal VerbsMay and MightMoodsPhrasal VerbsSay and TellShallStative VerbsThird Person SingularUsed toRegular VerbsIrregular VerbsVerb FormsCompound Verbs
ConditionalConditionalZero ConditionalFirst ConditionalSecond ConditionalThird ConditionalMixed ConditionalInversion in Conditional Sentences
Passive VoicePassive VoicePresent Simple PassivePresent Continuous PassivePast Simple PassivePast Continuous PassivePerfect Tenses PassiveFuture Simple PassiveGoing to PassiveSay / Believe / SupposeGet + Participle
Adverbs of FrequencyAdverbs of FrequencyAdverbs of Frequency - Position in Sentence
QuestionsQuestion TagsRhetorical QuestionsEcho Questions
Reported SpeechReported SpeechModals in Reported SpeechReported Commands and RequestsReported QuestionsPresent Perfect in Reported SpeechFuture Perfect in Reported Speech
Irregular VerbsIrregular Verbs - GroupsIrregular Verbs - Forms
ParticiplesPresent ParticiplePast ParticiplePerfect Participle
Other TopicsWill vs. Going toIf / Even if / Whether / Unless If + Were or If + WasAs If / As Though + Past SubjunctiveHabits Expressed by Will and WouldHad BetterSubject
Read MoreAuxiliary VerbsAuxiliary Verbs: To BeAuxiliary Verbs: To HaveAuxiliary Verbs: To DoWhen To Use the Verb To Be
Grammar

Reported Speech

We use reported speech when we report what someone has said. In the English language reported speech affects the sequence of tenses,
if the main clause is in the past: I said, she asked. It applies to some of the tenses.

Changes in Time and Place Words

a)

Original tense

Reported tense

Example

Present Simple

Past Simple

"I work here" - He said he worked there.

Present Continuous

Past Continuous

"She is dancing" - He said he was dancing.

Present Perfect

Past Perfect

"I have never been to Alaska" - He said he had never been to Alaska.

Present Perfect Continuous

Past Perfect Continuous

"Jane has been driving for 8 hours" - He said that Jane had been driving for 8 hours.

Past Continuous

Past Perfect Continuous

"I was singing" - He said that he had been singing.

Past Simple

Past Perfect

"I saw you in the mall" - She said that she had seen him in the mall.

Will

Would

"You will thank me" - She said that he would thank her.

b)

Original word

Reported word

Example

here

there

"I work here" - He said he worked there.

this

that

"What are you doing this weekend?" - He asked what she was doing that weekend.

now

then

"He's praying now" - She said he was praying then.

yesterday

the day before

"I saw you yesterday" - He said that he had seen him the day before.

tomorrow

the day after

"I will repair my bike tomorrow" - He said that he would repair her bike the day after.

last week

the week before

"We were in Dublin last week" - They said that they had been in Dublin the week before.

next week

the week after

"I have a date with Joe next week" - She said that she had a date with Joe the week after.

ago

before

"I was born 30 years ago" - He said that he had been born 30 years before.

Check your understanding!

VerbAbout VerbsAction VerbsCausative VerbsContractionsDo and MakeFinite and Nonfinite VerbsGerundInfinitive FormInversionLinking VerbsModal VerbsMay and MightMoodsPhrasal VerbsSay and TellShallStative VerbsThird Person SingularUsed toRegular VerbsIrregular VerbsVerb FormsCompound Verbs
ConditionalConditionalZero ConditionalFirst ConditionalSecond ConditionalThird ConditionalMixed ConditionalInversion in Conditional Sentences
Passive VoicePassive VoicePresent Simple PassivePresent Continuous PassivePast Simple PassivePast Continuous PassivePerfect Tenses PassiveFuture Simple PassiveGoing to PassiveSay / Believe / SupposeGet + Participle
Adverbs of FrequencyAdverbs of FrequencyAdverbs of Frequency - Position in Sentence
QuestionsQuestion TagsRhetorical QuestionsEcho Questions
Reported SpeechReported SpeechModals in Reported SpeechReported Commands and RequestsReported QuestionsPresent Perfect in Reported SpeechFuture Perfect in Reported Speech
Irregular VerbsIrregular Verbs - GroupsIrregular Verbs - Forms
ParticiplesPresent ParticiplePast ParticiplePerfect Participle
Other TopicsWill vs. Going toIf / Even if / Whether / Unless If + Were or If + WasAs If / As Though + Past SubjunctiveHabits Expressed by Will and WouldHad BetterSubject
Read MoreAuxiliary VerbsAuxiliary Verbs: To BeAuxiliary Verbs: To HaveAuxiliary Verbs: To DoWhen To Use the Verb To Be